YOXALL surname variations & transcription errors
One of the lessons I have learned over the years is to pay more attention to a YOXALL surname that is proven to be YOXALL but is either not recorded as the spelling YOXALL on the original image or has been transcribed incorrectly. These differences can be broken down into 3 types:
Surname looks like a YOXALL variation
Simple examples of these are YOXAL, YOXALE, YOXHAL, YOXHALL, etc. More complicated examples are YOZALL, ZOXALL, GOXALL, which could be a YOXALL due to a combination of letters that could be YOXALL. I hope this helps widen your view of how a YOXALL surname could be recorded or transcribed
Surname could be a transcription error
Examples of these are legendary. But in defence of transcribers I rarely come across a transcription error that could not be interpreted as transcribed. Without the help of transcribers there would be no internet indexes that we at home can use to make up our own minds as to what the surname actually is. Extreme examples of such transcription errors are, ??AETL, APXALL, GNALL, JARRELL, MODELL, PERSHALL, and many more which can only be verified from personal knowledge of the people and families.
Surname is wrongly recorded
These types of errors usually fall into 2 categories, adopted children and step children.
An adopted child may have been a YOXALL before adoption or after adoption, thus you may lose track of the child after adoption as the surname will no longer be a YOXALL but the surname of the adopted parents. On the other hand if you can’t find any sources for a YOXALL child prior to a certain date it may be that the child has been adopted, thus there will be no YOXALL sources as the child was no a YOXALL but was adopted by a YOXALL. Not all records indicate a child has been adopted. Thankfully, adopted children are not that common but it should be considered as a possibility.
Step children are a far more common feature where errors occur. When a parent died in earlier centuries, it was a necessity in most cases for the surviving spouse to remarry soon after their spouse died, in order to help care for their children. Most problems arise when the wife dies, as this is where recording errors occur. It is not unusual for the new husband, who was not a YOXALL, to record the step children with his own surname. But it is also not unusual for the same child to be recorded in one census, or other source, with the surname of their stepfather and in another source with the surname of their true father. Even more complications arise on marriage, as sometimes the children were unaware they were stepchildren and married with their stepfather’s surname. So if you see a child on a source that looks like your ancestor apart from their surname, ask yourself could the explanation be that their mother have remarried after the death of their father?
YOXALL variations and transcription errors suggested help list and method
The secret to looking for an ancestor whose surname is not one you have found by a more usual spelling is to look beyond the surname. What else is recorded apart from the surname, an age, a birth place, a Parish, another person, or persons, on the source with the same spelling. Looking at all these factors together can help you decide that, for whatever reason, the person, and possibly family, is indeed YOXALL regardless of what or how the surname is recorded. So when you can’t find an ancestor, think outside the box. Just because you can’t see who you are looking for doesn’t mean they aren’t there.
For the benefit of those unfamiliar with the many recording and transcription errors, I have compiled a list of all the YOXALL variations I have come across and the source. As I have pointed out on the list, not all the spellings are YOXALL, but at least one or more people with that spelling have been proven to be YOXALL.
One failing I am aware of is my failure to test all the surname variations and transcriptions errors on ALL websites I have visited, something I will address over time. But if anyone can identify any YOXALL with a spelling not on my list, would they please let me know the spelling and where it was found so I can update my list for others to benefit.